The American President is very reminiscent of Erik, the Phantom of the Opera, who with her beautiful voice seduces and charms. But what happens under the stage, the theater showing the Opera, is monstrous. It reaffirms what seems the best solution: to turn Libya into a protectorate of the French-Italian, leaving out Americans, Turks and Egyptians. Will Europe, for once, strike a blow?
Eyes again focus on Libya. Temporarily setting aside the situation in Syria, some of the statements made by US President Obama shook the scene of inter-diplomatic relations. The refrain from Washington in recent days, is always the same: the chaos that has been created on the ground in Libya is due to opportunism of France and England. Sarkozy and Cameron would be thrown headlong into the conflict of 2011, taking advantage enterprising allies overseas, regardless of the post-Gaddafi. Obama called them, free-riders , “scroungers”. The logical conclusion is that the need for a new American intervention, military, strategic, and political, to Libya, to resolve the situation and curb Isis.
Statements that have the flavor of endorsement for Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. The former first lady and Secretary of State of the first Obama administration has always been among the “hawks” of American foreign policy. One can not forget the leading role at the time of the Libyan campaign of 2011. Blaming the failure on European mitigate much of the responsibility for a choice that, in fact, encouraged the jihadists, causing the current power vacuum. A general chaos that we will try to unravel with this article, in order to prove that they were just the Americans the architects of the current situation.
Three, at present, are the main factions in the field, even if, in reality, there is total fragmentation between militias, under-militias, tribes and factions of all kinds. On the one hand, we have the “official” government of Tobruk, headed by Abdullah al-Thani and flanked by the militia of Khalifa Haftar, allocated in the East (Cyrenaica), while to the west (Tripolitania) we have the government of Tripoli, firmly in the hands of the coalition “Dawn of Libya”, with a clear predominance of the Muslim Brotherhood “; Finally, we have the Isis militias that control Sirte and its Gulf. In addition, there are real bands of jihadis, each with its own specific origin, both historical and territorial. Of note, to complete the picture, there are two representative institutions – so to speak: the General National Congress, based in Tripoli, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, and the House of Representatives, with headquarters moved to Tobruk (originally supposed to meet in Benghazi), under the wing of Haftar.
As if things were not complicated enough, the UN has decided, by resolution of 19 December 2015, to establish a national unity government, able to overcome differences between East and West. At the head of this government should be Fayez al-Serraj, a Cabinet formed by members of both parties to the conflict (excluding Isis, of course), but without the General Haftar. The biggest obstacle is, so far, represented by the Parliament of Tobruk negative vote, which is not keen to see the passage of the military command from trusted Haftar the newborn Libyan Presidential Council. The solution imposed by the UN – which has appointed Martin Kobler the delicate task of creating a Western government in Libya, with which to program the American invasion (of this fact, it is) – not even like the Egyptians, too “fan” of the general Haftar.
But who it is, one would like to ask at this point, the essential Haftar? Khalifa Haftar is a former Gaddafi army commander, who in 1987 was hired, financed and armed during the war in Chad, where he was taken prisoner by the United States, to overthrow the “mad dog” (cute nickname that Reagan buckled to deceased Libyan dictator) and establish a pro-US government in Libya. Some say that it is linked to the CIA (strange to be believed). In 2011, he returned home to lead the insurgency against Gaddafi, climbing the degrees of the army of the Transitional National Council. In February 2014, first proclaims dissolved the Libyan government, and was immediately denied by Ali Zaydan; Then, starting in May, driving the operation “Dignity”, militarily attacking the Islamist faction stationed in Benghazi. It can be said that this episode is behind the collapse of the already fragile post-Gaddafi situation. As a result, the civil war that, at this time, is there for all to see. And it is this fragility that favored the settling of Isis within walking distance from our shores.
In all of this, does Obama blame the Europeans?