In 1927, in a movie filmed by Fox News Service, Benito Mussolini, made one of the first appearances in a sound newsreel. Mussolini spoke to Italians emigrants to America and to American citizens. At that time in fact the number of our compatriots arrived in the US had increased had become a source of social tension. Apparently even at that time immigrants were not so welcome.
Fascism and emigration
In 1920 the Republican candidate for President Warren Harding spoke openly of the risk that the country would fall into the hands of non-US persons. Too many immigrants on US soil put at risk the very existence of democratic institutions and the danger that foreigners might one day vote would have meant the loss of independence, because immigrants are always linked to the motherland.
Let us all pray That America Shall never become divided into classes and Shall never feel the menace of hyphenated citizenship. For Americans who love America, I sound a warning. It is not beyond Possibility That the day might come – and may God forbid it – When an organized hyphenated vote in American politics might have the balance of voting power to elect our government. “If That happens, – if immigrants who Identified with countries other than the United States were Elected to office – control of the nation “might be Transferred to a foreign capital abroad.
Yet for many of the Italian emigrants the United States was able to be a second home, a country where you could live in dignity and to have children. And it is at this point that came fascism and Mussolini’s decision to “enhance” emigration. In 1923 the Duce spoke openly of emigration as a physiological necessity for the Italian people. The emigrants were defended and protected because migration was one of the guidelines in the Italic expansionist ambition.
Good or bad it is, emigration is a physiological necessity of the Italian people. We are forty million tightened in our cramped and adorable peninsula that can not feed everyone. And then it understands how the problem of Italian expansion in the world is a matter of life and death for the Italian race. I say expansion: expansion in every sense, moral, political, economic, demographic. I declare here that the Italian government intends to protect the Italian emigration; it can not disregard those who cross the mountains and go beyond the ocean; It can not ignore because they are men, workers and especially Italian … And wherever there is an Italian is the flag, there is the Fatherland, there is the defense of the Government for these Italians.
Mussolini and Trump
Not that fascism emigration was a good thing in itself, because it was obvious that the departure of so many compatriots had the effect of impoverishing the country for many and valuable resources. Things will change with the end of the twenties when the fascist regime will abandon the idea of this form of peaceful settlement to take a stand against migration and encouraging instead the more appropriate colonization policies in imperial fascist Italy. Italians would have had to emigrate to the colonies, not to foreign countries. In 1927, when Mussolini records this short speech in English we are in between these two opposing views.
I am very glad to express my friendly feelings toward the American nation. Friendship with Italy Which looks at millions of citizens who, from Alaska to Florida, from the Pacific to the Atlantic, live in the United States, Italy is deeply rooted in our hearts. This feeling created by mutual interests know Contributed to preparation of an even brighter was in the lives of Both nations.
I greet with wonderful energy the American people and I see among you and Recognize the salt of your land, as well as ours, my fellow citizens who are working to make America great.
The health the great American people. The health the Italians of America who joined in a single love of two nations.
Interestingly, Mussolini, in reiterating the feelings of friendship between the Italian people and the American proudly reaffirms the theme of the vitality of Italian emigrants forces. Italians in America were working ” to make America great .” And it is impossible not to note that today, in 2016, the idea to bring back the great new America ( make America great again ) is the slogan of Donald Trump . With an important distinction, for Mussolini the emigrants made America a great country for Trump immigrants are a real problem in the US today. In 1927 a fascist leaders believed that Italians who emigrated to the United States were contributing to a big country. The course was to be able to feed the narrative of the Italian genius that spreads and colonizes the world, the figure of ” A people of poets of heroes artists, saints of thinkers scientists, navigators of transmigrators “. In 2016 an American fascist leader instead believes that a country like the USA, whose characteristic number is to be created thanks to the immigrants may become great closing within its borders but returning to colonize the world with its own rules. In this sense they can be read proclamations Trump against the WTO.