are the result of these…
But all of these are nothing new: Islamic Global Jihad started four centuries before the Western Crusades which was a defensive action against the forcible expansion of Islam into territories that had been part of Christendom for centuries.
The Global Jihad was started by the Muslims in the year 630 A.D. when Muhammad invaded and conquered Mecca and then killed all the Jews in Medina. Later on, Muslims invaded Syria, Iraq, Jerusalem, Iran, Egypt, Africa, Spain, Italy, France, etc. The Western Crusades started around 1095 to try to stop the Islamic aggressive invasions, which eventually they did. Muslims managed to slaughter about 270 million people: 120 million Africans, 60 million Christians, 80 million Hindus, 10 million Buddhists, etc.
Forced conversions to Islam have been the norm, across three continents—Asia, Africa, and Europe—for over 13 centuries. Orders for conversion were decreed under all the early Islamic dynasties, under both Seljuk and Ottoman Turkish rule, and in Persia/Iran and the Indian subcontinent, etc. Islam has been at a continuous war against non-Muslims for almost 1400 years.
Islam divides the world in two:
1) The House of Islam (dar al-Islam): Nations submitted to Islamic rule.
2) The House of War (dar al-harb): Nations that have not submitted to Islam but must be submitted according to Islamic doctrine. Thus, Muslims (dar al-Islam) believe they must make war upon non-Muslims (dar al-harb) until all nations submit to the will of Allah and accept Sharia law.
Following is a list of the major Islamic invasions which necessitated the Western Crusades.
|630||Muhammad conquers Mecca from his base in Medina.|
|632||Muhammad dies in Medina. Islam controls the Hijaz.|
|636||Muslims conquest of Syria, and the surrounding lands, all Christian – including Palestine and Iraq.|
|637||Muslim Jihadists conquer Iraq (some date it in 635 or 636).|
|638||Muslim Jihadists conquer and annex Jerusalem, taking it from the Byzantines.|
|638 – 650||Muslim Jihadists conquer Iran, except along Caspian Sea.|
|639 – 642||Muslim Jihadists conquer Egypt.|
|641||Muslim Jihadists control Syria and Palestine.|
|643 – 707||Muslim Jihadists conquer North Africa.|
|644 – 650||Muslim Jihadists conquer Cyprus, Tripoli in North Africa, and establish Islamic rule in Iran, Afghanistan, and Sind.|
|673 – 678||Arabs besiege Constantinople, capital of Byzantine Empire.|
|691||Dome of the Rock is completed in Jerusalem, only six decades after Muhammad’s death.|
|710 – 713||Muslim Jihadists conquer the lower Indus Valley.|
|711 – 713||Muslim Jihadists conquer Spain and impose the kingdom of Andalus. The Muslim conquest moves into Europe.|
|718||Conquest of Spain complete.|
|732||Muslim invasion of France is stopped at the Battle of Poitiers / Battle of Tours. The Franks, under their leader Charles Martel (the grandfather of Charlemagne), defeat the Muslims and turn them back out of France.|
|762||Foundation of Baghdad.|
|785||Foundation of the Great Mosque of Cordova.|
|789||Rise of Idrisid amirs (Muslim Jihadists) in Morocco; Christoforos, a Muslim who converted to Christianity, is executed.|
|800||Autonomous Aghlabid dynasty (Muslim Jihadists) in Tunisia|
|807||Caliph Harun al—Rashid orders the destruction of non-Muslim prayer houses & of the church of Mary Magdalene in Jerusalem.|
|809||Aghlabids (Muslim Jihadists) conquer Sardinia, Italy.|
|813||Christians in Palestine are attacked; many flee the country.|
|831||Muslim Jihadists capture Palermo, Italy; raids in Southern Italy.|
|837 – 901||Aghlabids (Muslim Jihadists) conquer Sicily, raid Corsica, Italy, France.|
|869 – 883||Revolt of black slaves in Iraq.|
|909||Rise of the Fatimid Caliphate in Tunisia; these Muslim Jihadists occupy Sicily, Sardinia.|
|928 – 969||Byzantine military revival, they retake old territories, such as Cyprus (964) and Tarsus (969).|
|937||The Church of the Resurrection (aka Church of Holy Sepulcher) is burned down by Muslims; more churches in Jerusalem are attacked.|
|960||Conversion of Qarakhanid Turks to Islam.|
|969||Fatimids (Muslim Jihadists) conquer Egypt and found Cairo.|
|973||Israel and southern Syria are again conquered by the Fatimids.|
|1003||First persecutions by al—Hakim; the Church of St. Mark in Fustat, Egypt, is destroyed.|
|1009||Destruction of the Church of the Resurrection by al—Hakim (see 937).|
|1012||Beginning of al—Hakim’s oppressive decrees against Jews and Christians.|
|1050||Creation of Almoravid (Muslim Jihadists) movement in Mauretania; Almoravids (aka Murabitun) are coalition of western Saharan Berbers; followers of Islam, focusing on the Quran, the hadith, and Maliki law.|
|1071||Battle of Manzikert, Seljuk Turks (Muslim Jihadists) defeat Byzantines and occupy much of Anatolia.|
|1071||Turks (Muslim Jihadists) invade Palestine.|
|1073||Conquest of Jerusalem by Turks (Muslim Jihadists).|
|1075||Seljuks (Muslim Jihadists) capture Nicea (Iznik) and make it their capital in Anatolia.|
|1076||Almoravids (Muslim Jihadists) (see 1050) conquer western Ghana.|
|1086||Almoravids (Muslim Jihadists) (see 1050) send help to Andalus, Battle of Zallaca.|
|1090 – 1091||Almoravids (Muslim Jihadists) occupy all of Andalus except Saragossa and Balearic Islands.|
START OF WESTERN CRUSADES
Only after all of the Islamic aggressive invasions is when Western Christendom launches its first Crusades.
|1094||Byzantine emperor Alexius Comnenus I asks western Christendom for help against Seljuk (Muslim Turks) invasions of his territory.|
|1095||Pope Urban II preaches first Crusade; they capture Jerusalem in 1099.|